Pakistan surpass India and Bangladesh in Manpower Exports
Pakistan became popular in the export of manpower in 2020 in the region, against India and Bangladesh despite the pandemic.
As per the Pakistan Economic Survey 2020-21, the country’s exports of skilled manpower had raised to 224,705 leaving behind India which had managed to export only 94,145, and Bangladesh with 217,699 workers.
Still, Pakistan’s exports of manpower had dropped from 2019 which was at 625,203 after an annual decline of 400,498. Likewise, India and Bangladesh also faced declines in terms of their emigrants registered during 2020 as compared to 2019 with 273,093 and 482,490 respectively.
The main reason behind the significant decline in the manpower’s exports was due to the pandemic as several countries imposed a travelling and migration ban for foreign employees to curb the spread of the coronavirus.
As per the Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment (BE&OE), the main destination for Pakistani emigrants is Saudi Arabia, with over 60 percent of emigrants. UAE lies at second number with 24 percent while Oman with 4.6 percent is third during 2020. Owing to the pandemic, a global declining trend was seen concerning the number of emigrants registered in 2020 which also includes the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.
The highest number of workers who went abroad in 2020 was 118,818 from Punjab, 68,299 from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 16,950 from Sindh. Whereas in the tribal areas the number was 9,026, in Azad Kashmir 7,865, in Balochistan 1,869, and 244 in the Northern Areas.
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Usually, the workers belong to technicians, laborers, carpenters, drivers, accountants, masons, clerks, and managers professions.